Skin & Environment
Skin & Climate
Car exhausts, micro dust, other environmental pollutants – this cocktail of toxins in the air, in the true sense of the word, soak into the skin in every rain shower. Normally this is not a problem, as healthy skin has enough protective mechanisms. However, in cold weather the body’s protective barrier has gaps. Toxic molecules can penetrate the skin more easily, where they lock on to oxygen particles and bombard the cells as free radicals.
As soon as the outside temperature drops below 8 degrees, the sebaceous glands slow down production. Result: the skin’s natural protective film becomes perforated, the skin tightens, is often reddened, and flakes easily. Add to this the fact that cold air is mostly dry and therefore extracts moisture from the skin. Therefore practically all skin types are judged to be dry in the winter. The perfect accompaniment for the face are therefore creams which are rich in lipids (moisturizer) and moisture-retaining substances such as hyaluronic acids (viliv n “get a night restore“). Water-based creams evaporate too quickly and can even lead to freezing.
Particularly in windy conditions, the skin registers temperatures colder than the thermometer: at 0 degrees and wind force 5 the skin feels like at minus 15 degrees, at wind force 3 minus 10 degrees feels twice as cold. Why is that so? Under frosty conditions the body does not devote as much attention to its outer shell as to the inner organs. The skin lacks warming blood circulation. Anyone going out into the fresh air when temperatures are freezing cold should use particularly rich creams such as viliv n “get a night restore“.
Anyone who thinks they can survive the cold season without any problem by staying in cosy warm rooms is mistaken. In apartments and offices the humidity in winter is an average 20 per cent. The comfort to the complexion is three times as much, however. No wonder that central heating dries the skin in the long term, causing wrinkles. Additional stress to the skin is caused by the constant change from warm air inside to colder air outside.
Free Radicals & AntioxidantsFree radicals are by-products of metabolism.
They may also occur as a result of various stress factors such as sunlight, environmental pollution, pesticides, exhaust fumes, electro smog, cigarette smoke, alcohol consumption, medication or an excessively fatty or sugar-rich diet. These highly aggressive oxygen particles are toxic to all living cells, including skin cells. Normally the skin has various enzymes and vitamins which can neutralize free radicals. However, constant sun exposure, for example, can lead to this protective system failing.
The body protects itself against free radicals with antioxidants.
Antioxidants are able to neutralise free radicals. Vitamin C is an effective antioxidant and is to be found in many types of food (fruit and vegetables).
Skin & Air Pollution
Air pollution or pollution of the atmosphere has a direct influence on our health. It is highly damaging to the skin and is responsible for skin ageing, lack of moisture, the development of acne and damage to cell material. Ozone and nitrogen oxides lead to inflammations. The skin is irritated and tends to react. Carbon monoxide leads to tissue hypoxia (lack of oxygen to the tissue). The metabolism of the skin becomes slower (pale complexion, premature ageing, dryness etc.). Nitrogen dioxide damages the hydro lipid film. The skin becomes irritated and sensitive. Suspended particles may cause irritations and allergies.Air pollution and its consequences for the skin
The skin suffers from lack of moisture, becomes polluted and irritated and takes on a sallow appearance. However, each skin is unique and reacts differently to pollution according to its absorption ability and the external conditions (temperature, level of humidity) As a rule, air pollution produces free radicals which contribute to skin ageing. Scientific studies have also shown the negative effects of air pollution on the degree of moisture and on excessive flaking. This causes the skin to loose its softness and glowing appearance.